Website Development Process Explained

A website is a piece of software, which is developed for users on the World Wide Web. Ergo, like any other software, it has to go through a rigorous process. Some of the common models for web development are:

  • System Development Life Cycle
  • Prototyping Model
  • Rapid Application Development Model
  • UML Based Development Model

However, in most models, the process goes through almost identical phases. In some models two phases may be clubbed together to make one process. In others, it may be divided between two processes.

Steps in Developing a Website

Every company follows standard methodologies, modeling tools, framework, and languages for developing a website. Here are the prime designing steps that any website must go through.

Stage # 1 – Information Gathering
The first phase in this process is information gathering. It is also the most important one, as any miscommunication at this stage, hampers the entire process completely. At this stage, understanding the company and its activities is necessary. It will also include understanding the goals, dreams, target audience, and content of the company. Asking a number of questions at this stage is very important.

Even a small doubt about the exact requirements must be cleared at this stage. This will make sure that there are no mistakes in the end product. Along with information, the exact requirements will also have to be understood. Using this gathered information and requirements, the website will be developed.

Stage # 2 – Requirement Analysis
After the required information has been gathered, the next phase in this process is requirement analysis. A complete analysis of how the developed system is going to help and replace the existing one is carried out at this stage. At the same time, analysis also has to be carried out to see how the website is going to be amalgamated with

How to Search for a Word on a Web Page

It can get exhausting to search for a specific word on a web page, especially when you have no intention of reading the entire write up. What most people do not realize is, how easy it is to search for exact words and phrases on a page. If only you had known earlier, it could have saved you all that time and effort you wasted in your earlier searches. Well not to worry, all you need is a few key commands in order to get this simple job done!

Method 1

  • Highlight: The Google search engine has a support tool bar that gives you the ‘highlight’ option. Just click on the button and it will highlight all matching results for you. However, these options differ for Firefox and Internet Explorer.

For Internet Explorer: The first step is to click on the ‘wrench icon’ on the toolbar. Thereafter, go to the Tools tab, and either select or deselect the ‘Highlight’ check box. The final step is to click on the ‘Save’ button.

For Mozilla Firefox, the first step is to go to the Toolbar’s ‘wrench option’. Then go to the ‘Search’ tab, there you may either select or deselect the ‘Highlight’ option on the check box. Lastly click on the ‘Save’ option.

  • Word Find: Google also has the ‘Find word option’ wherein whichever word you type in the search box appears in the tool bar.

Method 2

  • The second method on how to search for a word on a website, is rather simpler. While using Firefox in order to search for the word you’re looking for on the web page, you need to press CTRL+F on your keyboard.
  • Thereafter, a small box will open on the bottom corner of your screen. Now, type the word or phrase you want highlighted throughout the web

Advantages and Disadvantages of Proxy Servers

Advantages of a proxy server
Proxy servers are intermediate servers that provide clients access to the information stored on other servers like the Internet. In case any client seeks information from a different server, it will connect to a proxy server which, in turn, collects data from the main server and sends it to the requesting server. Let us take a look at the benefits of having such an arrangement.

Advantages

Hidden IP Address

Whenever any computer connects to a website, its IP (Internet Protocol) address is read by the website. If the client server wants to keep its identity under wraps, it can use a proxy server. This way, as there is no direct connection between the computer and the destination server, the IP is hidden. Thus, the client gets all the information it needs, anonymously.

Reduction of Load

As there is an intermediary server to fetch and display data, there is an immense reduction of load on the remote server. As the proxy server (a.k.a. caching server) has all the information that is requested by the client in its database, it doesn’t have to connect to the remote server every time.

Control Over Services

With these servers, you can decide which services can be accessed by the user. You can choose the websites that can be connected from the main website and which cannot. If you create a proxy for an educational website, the user will be able to connect to this website via the proxy server. Similarly, if you don’t add a proxy for a particular website, the user will never land on that page.

Security

While you are surfing the Internet, there is a huge possibility that you may land on any one of the malware infected websites. When you visit such a website, the malware replicates itself onto your

Web Container Vs. Web Server

Though it started out as a pure information resource, freely accessible to people all over the globe, the world wide web has evolved to offer much more today. As opposed to the passive information repository it was before, now Internet offers many services ranging from online banking, social networking, email, e-shopping, video sharing, online auctions to multiplayer gaming and much more, which are all made possible due to the advances in web technologies.

All these services are enabled by web servers, which host the pages and handle all the client queries. Associated technologies like web containers are used to extend server functionality and provide additional services through usage of Java servlets. In this Buzzle article, I present a web container vs web server comparison which clarifies the differences between these two commonly used web technologies.

What is a Web Server?
The whole TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) based Internet architecture is based on a ‘Client-Server’ model. Every time you type in a web site address in your browser, a query is sent to the web server, hosting the pages. All the web site resources (pages, images) and services are hosted on it, which are then served to the client web browsers, according to request. Through HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), a server communicates with client computers to facilitate the sharing of data and resources.

Of the different types of computer servers, these types have the most complicated software architecture and are usually run on high-end machines with great processing power, with 24×7 battery backup. Ergo, when one refers to a web server, it refers to the server software, as well as computer hardware. Microsoft’s Internet Information Services (IIS), Apache HTTP Server and nginx are some of the most commonly used web servers on the Internet.

What is

SMTP Server

SMTP is an Internet standard for sending emails across Internet Protocol (IP) networks. It was in Request for Comments i.e. RFC 821 that SMTP was first defined and it was last updated by RFC 5321, which includes the extended SMTP (ESMTP) additions. It is a specified protocol which is used for outgoing mail transport and uses TCP port 25. To explain this in simpler words, a SMTP server, works like a router, as it receives outgoing mail messages from users and routes them to the intended recipients. It makes use of either the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol or Unix sendmail program. Often the mail messages have to pass through a number of servers to reach their destinations.

Settings

You can have SMTP service installed on your local machine by following the below mentioned steps.

  • Go to the ‘Start’ menu and go to ‘Control Panel’.
  • Then double click the ‘Add or Remove Programs’ option.
  • In the left pane, click the ‘Add/Remove Windows Components’ option.
  • In the ‘Components’ list, you will see ‘Application Server’. Click it, and then select ‘Details’.
  • In the sub-components of ‘Application Server’ list, select ‘Internet Information Services (IIS)’, and go to ‘Details’.
  • In the sub-components of Internet Information Services (IIS) list, check the ‘SMTP Service’ checkbox and then click OK.
  • Now click ‘Next’. Here you may be prompted for the Windows Server 2003 family CD or the network install path.
  • Provide the required details and then click ‘Finish’.

After you have installed this service, a default configuration is created. The message store is located in LocalDrive:\Inetpub\mailroot. While setting up this service for the first time, you may want to configure global settings for a virtual server as well as settings for individual components. Some of these commands include:

  • HELO / EHLO: This is a command which is used to identify the sender (client).
  • MAIL FROM:

Web Servers Vs Application Servers

Before going to the comparison, let us understand what is a computer server in the first place. A server is a computing device which is responsible for providing various services to its clients. The nature of these services can be anything, like file transferring, resource sharing, etc. Client and server systems provide functions such as centralized access to information, data storage and other resources. So this is what a server does generally.

When you are trying to explore a web server, you have to consider what hyper text transfer protocol (HTTP) is and then proceed further. HTTP is an application level protocol used for presenting hypermedia information system. Basically, this protocol is used when there are many different types of media involved. Well, web servers are those real or virtual machines that are responsible for delivering content. Clients are those machines or web browsers that request for any such content (HTML pages). Primarily, clients request for the content, but in some cases they have to deliver it as well (while submitting information for creating email accounts, etc.).

An example: Consider that you wish to create an email account. First you type the web address of the email service provider in your browser. The terminal from which you are accessing the website is the client in this case. Once you enter the address, you will see that the URL is changed and now it is starting with “http://…”. This action is the indication that hypertext transfer protocol is being used. In a matter of seconds, you see that webpage of the email service provider are loaded onto your browser. This action indicates that the web server has provided content to the browser. And when you provide information to the website (for opening an account), you are basically

How to Build a Web Server

You may want to build your own server for a small business or if you wish to start your own website. To build a web server, you need a computer and the required software. Also, building one will save money to a great extent. It contains pages of your website in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). The one you build should be connected to the Internet all the time, so that everybody on the Internet can access your website.

Requirements

The configuration of the computer used for building a web server must match the basic requirements. A random access memory (RAM) of 4GB or more is required. The RAM requirements increase as the number of clients of your website increases. For this, you must always track website visitors. A high speed Internet connection is also one of the basic requirements to keep it connected to the Internet. Along with this, you need to have a permanent IP address. Sometimes, many website owners face the problem of dynamic IP address. If the dynamic IP problem is not solved, the IP address of the website will keep on changing and the Internet user will not be able to connect to your web server. You must buy a permanent IP address from the Internet service provider, which is somewhat costly. The software required to develop and maintain the client-server interaction is called web server software. There are many software applications available, of which, some are specific to a particular operating system.

Instructions

Step I
The first step is to install the software. This software is responsible for finding the requested web page. After installing the software, configure it accordingly so that the search for web pages within the server is easy. When an Internet user types a URL, the software directs the

Shared Hosting Vs. VPS

One of the best ways of reaching out to a global market is by advertising your products and services through a website. For a website to stay up 24×7, it has to be hosted on a web server. It is possible to set up your own web server, but it requires substantial maintenance work and advanced equipment to keep it running all the time. Instead, outsourcing the job of hosting web pages to companies which run professional web hosting services is a more cost-effective option. There are three prime options to choose from. You could go for a dedicated web server, which hosts your site exclusively or go for either one of shared hosting or VPS. The dedicated server option is mandatory for websites with high daily traffic, while the rest of the two options are ideal for small business web sites with low traffic.

Difference Between Shared and VPS Hosting

Both services are designed to keep your website up 24×7 and they differ substantially in the amount of control that a webmaster gets in hosting the website and other facilities.

Basic Difference
A shared hosting service manages multiple websites through the same server software. The resources of the server are divided to host every one of the websites. Each website may be provided with a separate hard drive volume, to host its web pages.

The user control is provided through software programs installed on the server like DirectAdmin, Plesk, cPanel, and InterWorx. Using these web-based control systems, the webmasters can upload and make changes to the content of their web pages. Most of the standard applications are made available to webmasters, but the entire job of server maintenance and software upgrades is handled by the hosting company.

If you need advanced software development for your website, shared web

6 Popular Video Hosting Websites

Popular video hosting websites
The Internet is, perhaps, the most versatile entertainment system out there. It caters to every interest you can fathom, is (mostly) not bound by geographical borders, and seems like a never-ending source brimming with new content virtually every other second. Of late, the most popular form of entertainment is watching videos on the Internet. Unlike days of old, you no longer need to download every single video that you want to watch. Instead, you can choose to watch your favorite videos online at just the click of a button.

What is even better is the fact that these videos are highly compressed without affecting the quality of the content. This, in turn, would mean is that you no longer need to worry about running a huge Internet bill as you watch your favorite videos guilt-free. There seems to be an explosion of video hosting websites all over the Internet, and finding the best ones out of these can be quite an arduous task. Thankfully though, help is at hand. Here’s a list of video hosting websites that are the best out there.

Top Video Hosting Websites

YouTube
Think about watching videos online, and probably the first name that pops into your head is YouTube. According to statistics revealed by Google, over 6-billion hours of videos are watched each month on YouTube! The site has the biggest collection of videos that span across every genre imaginable. There are plenty of channels on the site that compile videos of different niches. You even have the option to watch videos in Full HD, and even 4K resolution if your screen supports it. There’s even support for 3D content via NVIDIA 3D Vision. Uploading videos is very simple task, and all you need is a Google account to

Shared Hosting Vs Dedicated Hosting

The Internet is a platform for every business to make its presence felt. In order to maintain a website, a web service provider needs to be contacted for hosting. You need to make a choice between shared and dedicated hosting. It would be impossible for a company to make this choice in haste, and it needs to consider many things before taking a final call.

What is Shared Hosting?

Also known as virtual hosting, it occurs when you dish out a monthly fee to a third-party service provider in order to use his equipment for your web server. The service provider handles everything ranging from backup and security to setting up the server and managing the bandwidth. The sole task of your company in this scenario will be to develop the content for your website.

In this type, you end up sharing the server where your website is placed, with many other websites. This has various pros and cons, but the biggest disadvantage is the fact that you end up sharing many resources. It is also possible that the traffic on your website would be affected by the traffic on other websites, hosted on the same server.

Features

Sharing the IP Address: Since you are sharing the server with other websites, you will obviously have the same IP address. If these websites happen to be blacklisted for spamming or some other illegal activity, you would also suffer the consequences for the same. To avoid such a scenario, you should choose your web host responsibly.

Greater Response Time : If there are two or more websites on the same server, it goes without saying that the response time for each individual website would be longer. This will make the visitors wait longer and they might not wish to visit your website

Web Hosting Services

Nowadays, most business, and non-business individuals and companies have an Internet presence. An Internet presence is like giving yourself or your business global exposure. Having a website in this day and age is of primary importance to any business or individual wanting to reach out to the world at large. To have a website, you primarily need two things: a domain name, and a web hosting service.

A domain name is your name, or your business name, on the Internet. It is the address with which people will find your website. For example, www.buzzle.com is a domain name. This domain name must be purchased from a domain name registrar who is registered with the ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).

After that is taken care of, there is the data that is shown on your website, like your webpages, images, and so on. That needs to be stored somewhere, so that when someone checks your website, they can see the data online. A web hosting company will provide this service for you by providing you with space on their servers. This is a web or an Internet hosting service.

Of course, these are the basic concepts of a web hosting service. Most web hosting companies will also incorporate domain registration services within their service profile, and combine both these functions. It has also become customary nowadays to combine this with email hosting services as well, to generate additional functionality for customers.

However, emerging technologies have given rise to several more services which can be effectively combined with these provisions. Let us look at a few of these services.

Dedicated Hosting

This is a kind of service where the customer can lease an entire server, which is not shared by anyone else. Thus, the customer has full control over

Pros and Cons of Cheap Web Hosting

In today’s world, if you have a business, or sometimes even a career in certain industries, it is imperative to have a presence on the Internet. This great demand by large numbers of people to own a bit of online space, which is accessible 24/7 on the Internet, without the huge costs involved, is what has spawned the advent of web hosting companies.

If you go back to 1991, when the Internet had started becoming user-friendly, with the World Wide Web being established along with web hosting as well as webpages being viewable, it used to be thought that only rich people could afford using these services, since they were mostly used by large business entities and a few people who could afford spending a lot of money for these services.

However, things began changing pretty fast. That is because the Internet, along with the World Wide Web, began evolving and growing at a phenomenal rate. Which, in turn, came about because this was the only means through which people could instantaneously connect to the world. This was what gave the impetus for the hosting of free instant messaging services, email services, as well as websites of companies to be used for business purposes.

With each day, the experts in this field, along with common users, explored its possibilities and went about making things less complex. Hence, right from the management of databases to server space, the World Wide Web has been evolving continuously. With the potential growing each day, more and more companies offering web services began sprouting. This, in turn, gave rise to competition, with each company vying to offer not only the best of services, but also at the cheapest of rates―giving rise to cheap web hosting services. Given below are some of the

An Overview of Web Hosting Technology

Web hosting is a prime service that users can utilize after obtaining either dial-up or broadband Internet access. It lets users broadcast their own information resources to any Internet user, who is interested in accessing them. It makes use of the server/client model for content distribution. A web host will provide its client with the right to access a web server that will push the client’s content to recipients on request. Recipients use web browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator to request content from the web, over their own Internet connection.

The websites are stored or hosted on a special computer called a server. It permits Internet users who are connected anywhere to reach a particular site, when they put the host’s domain address in the web browser. The host computers are set up so that when someone types a web address in the browser, the address will follow a route from computer to computer until it reaches the host computer and website. After that, the Internet user will be able to browse throughout the website.

Web hosts provide the technical resources and equipment that are required to offer a customized website to a consumer.

Many small businesses take advantage of web hosts in order to free themselves from preoccupying their scarce human and financial resources on hosting issues. Companies and individuals outsource their web presence to achieve the following objectives: improve own company focus, reduce operating costs, gain access to in-depth expertise, free internal resources for core competencies, and obtain access to world-class capabilities to control IT functions which are difficult to handle. In multiple formats, web hosting is offered to the consumer, based upon his/her requirements. These requirements are dependent on the cost and infrastructure provided.

Types of Web Hosting

Web hosting services are

Website Development Contract Essentials

A website development contract keeps the designing and development work of a particular website within a time frame and helps the developer claim a sum for all the efforts he has put in. Contracts prove to be useful in defining the scope of a website development project. Many specifications such as number of pages to be built, graphics to be created, CGIs to be built, content to be written, etc. can be included in them. The margin of error in building pages and all the above mentioned activities is calculated in percentage and included in the contract.

Points to Consider When Setting Up a Contract
A contract for website development is mainly created for approaching the development activity in a time-bound manner. Inclusion of dates keeps both the developer and the client on their toes and thereby, the work is completed in the given time frame. Here are some points that must be included when deciding the contract dates.

  • Date of contract signing
  • Date when work started
  • Date of completing the planning and designing process
  • Date of plan approval and design creation for the project
  • Date of releasing milestones for the designer
  • Date for releasing the invoice
  • Website development completion date
  • Date for client review of the completed work
  • Date of completion of updates
  • Date of completion of final review by clients
  • Date of launching the website

Deciding the cost of a project is important from the point of view of web development services. It is recommended that the developer should demand for an advance of around 30-50% of the total fees. Keeping track of minor expenses like setting up the hosting service, buying domains, etc. and their inclusion in the project cost is also important. Charging the service fees in an upfront manner is the best thing to do. It is necessary to specify the way

Web Developer Job Description

There are plenty of jobs in the Information Technology (IT) industry, and a career in web development is one of them. As the name suggests, a web development professional looks after the websites and web-related database systems of the company he is employed in, or the client he is working for. This article gives you a web developer’s job description in detail, along with the salary range.

Job Description

The duties and responsibilities largely depend on the employer and the prerequisites of the project. If the employer has just started to establish his business, the web developer will be responsible to develop new web applications and technologies for his employer. In order to develop new Internet applications for the company, he will have to use different types of packaged and customized supportive applications. Along with creating websites, he will also be handed over the duty of developing database management systems on the web which would have the capacity to store a substantial amount of data. He has to make sure that the design and pattern of the developed website is as per the requirements of the employer; in terms of graphics, effects, animations, functionality, and features.

The can be some situations where the web developer might be sent by the employer to work for a client who requires web development services. Here, he has to first discuss in detail with the client regarding their requirements and expectations from the project. He needs to share his suggestions for bettering the quality of the website to be developed. He also has to make sure about the ranking of the website, which can be improved with a process known as Search Engine Optimization (SEO). He is responsible for maintaining the quality of websites and adding to it for making it